“The project for which Dr. Johansson was awarded, the Lush Prize Young Researcher Award, describes the development and use of the novel test method GARD – Genomic Allergen Rapid Detection, an assay for assessment of chemical sensitizers.
…GARD utilises an in vitro model of so-called dendritic cells, a central player in the human immune system. These cells are stimulated with any substances to be tested, and following an incubation time of 24h, the genetic material of the cells are isolated. By measurements of a certain set of genes in the cells, which could be viewed as on/off-switches of the immune response, the eventual risk of the tested substances ability to induce allergy can be predicted.” [Lush Prize Young Researcher http://www.lushprize.org/2014-prize/2014-prize-winners/]
Read more on Lush Prize Young Researcher Award web site