The Validation of GARDskin

Johansson A, Agemark M, Gradin R, Larne O, Appelgren H, Forreryd A, Jerre A, Edwards A, Hoepflinger V, Burleson F, Gehrke H, Roggen E, Johansson H SenzaGen, Lund, Sweden, Burleson Research Technologies, Morrisville, US, Eurofins, Munich, Germany Introduction The prevalence of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is estimated to >20% in the western world. Not only […]

Johansson A, Agemark M, Gradin R, Larne O, Appelgren H, Forreryd A, Jerre A, Edwards A, Hoepflinger V, Burleson F, Gehrke H, Roggen E, Johansson H
SenzaGen, Lund, Sweden, Burleson Research Technologies, Morrisville, US, Eurofins, Munich, Germany

Introduction
The prevalence of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is estimated to >20% in the western world. Not only the individual is affected, but downstream socioeconomic effects are high. To minimize exposure, chemicals must be safety tested. Traditional testing strategies like the murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) comprise animals, but the regulatory authorities, public opinion and economic interests require animal-free models. The Genomic Allergen Rapid Detection skin (GARDskin) is an in vitro assay addressing this need. Here, we present the results of the GARDskin ring trial (OECD TGP 4.106) for validity of the assay.

Conclusions
Transfer study
Transferability: 100%

Validation study
Reproducibility:
WLR: 82 – 89%BLR: 92% (92 – 100%)

Test performance
Accuracy: 94%Sensitivity: 93%Specificity: 96%

A blinded ring trial was performed to assess the functionality of the GARDskin assay. The data demonstrates that GARDskin is a powerful tool for assessment of chemical skin sensitizers, with a predictive accuracy of 94% and excellent reproducibility between laboratories.

Poster

Performance of the GARD assay in a blind Cosmetics Europe study

Johansson H, Gradin R, Forreryd A, Agemark M, Zeller K, Malmborg-Hager A1, Johansson A, Larne O, Van Vliet E3, Borrebaeck C, Lindstedt M, SenzaGen AB, Lund, Sweden, Department of Immunotechnology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, Cosmetics Europe –The Personal Care Association, Brussels, Belgium Introduction Chemical hypersensitivity is an immunological response to foreign substances. Primarily, these give […]

Johansson H, Gradin R, Forreryd A, Agemark M, Zeller K, Malmborg-Hager A1, Johansson A, Larne O, Van Vliet E3, Borrebaeck C, Lindstedt M,
SenzaGen AB, Lund, Sweden, Department of Immunotechnology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, Cosmetics Europe –The Personal Care Association, Brussels, Belgium

Introduction

Chemical hypersensitivity is an immunological response to foreign substances. Primarily, these give rise to the clinical symptoms known as allergic contact dermatitis. To mitigate risks associated with consumer products, chemicals are screened for sensitizing effects. Historically, such predictive screenings have been performed using animal models, but industrial and regulatory authorities now demand animal-free methods for the assessment of sensitization. This is a global development spreading across industries and markets. To meet this demand, the Genomic Allergen Rapid Detection (GARD) assay has been developed. Here, we present novel data reconfirming the performance and accuracy of GARD.

Resume

The performance of GARD is highly accurate
83% (72 chemicals)
86% (127 chemicals)
83% (72 chemicals)
Correlated GARD predictions and potency classifications

Poster

The GARD assay for potency assessment of skin sensitizing chemicals

Kathrin S. Zeller, Andy Forreryd, Tim Lindberg, Ann-Sofie Albrekt, Aakash Chawade, Malin Lindstedt Dept. of Immunotechnology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden Summary The GARD assay is a cell-based transcriptional biomarker assay for the prediction of chemical sensitizers1 targeting key event 3, dendritic cell activation, of the skin sensitization AOP. […]

Kathrin S. Zeller, Andy Forreryd, Tim Lindberg, Ann-Sofie Albrekt, Aakash Chawade, Malin Lindstedt
Dept. of Immunotechnology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden

Summary
The GARD assay is a cell-based transcriptional biomarker assay for the
prediction of chemical sensitizers1 targeting key event 3, dendritic cell
activation, of the skin sensitization AOP. Here, we present a modified assay
based on Random Forest modelling, which is capable of predicting CLP
potency classes (1A – strong sensitizers, 1B – weak sensitizers, no category –
non-sensitizers) as described by the European CLP regulation with an
accuracy of 75 % (no cat), 75 % (1B) and 88 % (1A) based on a test set
consisting of 18 chemicals previously unseen to the model.
We further can link the activation of distinct pathways to the chemical
protein reactivity, showing that our transcriptomic approach can reveal
information contributing to the understanding of underlying mechanisms in
sensitization.

The GARD assay for potency assessment of skin sensitizing chemicals_ESTIV 2016_Zeller_p

GARD – the future of sensitization testing and safety assessment of chemicals using a genomic-based platform

Henrik Johansson, Andy Forreryd, Olivia Larne, Ann Sofie Albrekt, Carl Arne Krister Borrebaeck, Malin Lindstedt SenzaGen, Sweden, Lund,   Department of Immunotechnology, Lund University, Sweden, Lund BACKGROUND Genomic Allergen Rapid Detection, GARD, is an in vitro test developed for the prediction of sensitizing chemicals. It is based on differential expression of disease-associated genomic biomarkers in a […]

Henrik Johansson, Andy Forreryd, Olivia Larne, Ann Sofie Albrekt, Carl Arne Krister Borrebaeck, Malin Lindstedt
SenzaGen, Sweden, Lund,   Department of Immunotechnology, Lund University, Sweden, Lund

BACKGROUND
Genomic Allergen Rapid Detection, GARD, is an in vitro test developed for the prediction of sensitizing chemicals. It is based on differential expression of disease-associated genomic biomarkers in a human myeloid dendritic cell line.
Here, we describe the development, scientific validation, applications and the current state of the GARD platform. The scientific rationale behind the use of genomic biomarker signatures are detailed, linked to the AOP in a biological context, and to advantages realized through multivariate computational prediction models in a technological context.

RESUME
The GARD assay is elastic, it can be used for several applications. Today, two are developed:
GARDskin
– Hazard identification of skin sensitizers
– Accuracy: ~90%
– Initiated ECVAM validation (OECD TGP no. 4.106)
GARDair
– Hazard identification of respiratory sensitizers
– Accuracy: ~85%

GARD–the future of sensitization testing and safety assessment of chemicals, using a genomics-based platform_Eurotox 2016_p